Architecture is a reflection of the relationship between time, space and culture and therefore, it is regarded as the art of innovation and creativity. There were times when architecture was linked with politics and political economy. So it means that architecture is a relative art which is basically an architect’s perspective and standpoint.
Architecture is standing evidence of a society's cultural and traditional values and acts as a shield against the cultural invasion of foreign countries. For example, constructions of cities in the Mughal reign did not imitate western urban architectural models and were not influenced by western perspectives and outlooks. This means they reflected the traditional point of view. As the traditional architect follows their own traditions, they did justice to appreciate the values of their own original masterpieces. This lead to the evolution of better and beautiful architecture.
On the contrary, during the 19th century, western architects were influenced by technological developments including prefabricated construction, the introduction of cooling and heating systems which were criticised in the mid 20th century for its sterility, "institutional" anonymity and negligence for the regional traditional architecture. Over the years, architects began understanding the value of traditional models which frequently came to be identified as "historical awakening".
Considering both instances, today, there is no perfect appreciation of modern architecture and the timely understanding of its rightness leaves a negative effect on our own traditional buildings. Hence, as disregard of traditional architecture led to the neglect of its fundamental principles, the same way the use of modern architecture was limited to the superficial features.
Sustainable Architecture Techniques From Ancient Times - Now Used In Modern Buildings
Sustainable architecture techniques came into existence a few thousand years back when people were living in close connection with their immediate environment. The traditional Indian architecture is the best example of how construction was created by involving nature. Despite a hot and humid climate of India, people used to live without air conditioners which are significant contributors to global warming.
Manit Rastogi, Architect and co-founder of Morphogenesis who designed Pearl Academy of Fashion in Jaipur by implementing old techniques proved that green buildings are cheaper to build, cheaper to operate and at the same time more comfortable to live in.
So, let us explore the sustainable architecture techniques which prove that high-tech is not the solution to every problem and hence buildings can be constructed without hurting our environment.
Jharokha is an overhanging enclosed balcony that is designed to manage air ventilation and keep the interior temperatures low. It is shaped by forming small perforations in the building in a manner that naturally cool buildings in a hot and humid place. This is one of the most distinguished elements of the Indian traditional facade which can be profusely seen in the architectural feats of Rajasthan.
QM India is one of the largest natural stone manufacturing company in India having a team of skilled men who have mastered the art of Jharokha.
Jali broadly meaning ‘net’ is an architectural technique that involves environmental dynamics to create comfort. It is a traditional building element that protects the structure from the harsh environment using a double skin which acts as a thermal buffer between the building and the surroundings. It is created by small perforations in a wall that make the direct sunlight to scatter while it enters the interiors. Moreover, it allows the daylight to get inside without glare. Jaali follows the Bernoulli and Venturi laws which state that the speed of air increases when it passes through smaller holes. Therefore, even if the wind is mild outside, Jaali is able to create a profound effect in the indoor areas. Jaali is used to promotes light, air and privacy together, in a smart way.
QM India offers a variety of Jaali designs to complement the sustainable architecture. We have designer stone Jaali, urban carved Jaali and patios Jaali to enhance the penetration of daylight and air.
Roshandan is another sustainable architecture technique that allows both air and light to penetrate inside the room. It is a combination of a skylight and ventilating window. This is a key element of many houses seen in the northern parts of India. Roshandans are traditionally located towards the high-end of the ceiling wall or on top of windows. The location of a Roshandan is of utmost importance as it allows the hot air close to the ceiling to escape and maintain cooler air inside. In winters, these are closed and used as skylights.
4. High Ceilings
When entering the hallway of a traditional building, one can observe high ceilings. This is mainly because a high ceiling allows the hot air to rise and escape from ventilators, forming a natural cooling effect.
Today, Indian cities are building structures that operate against the immediate environments. Urban planners and architects in India and around the world should learn from the traditional architectures that not just support a sustainable living but stay in harmony with the environment.
QM India - Preserving Traditional Architecture Techniques In Modern-day Stone Architecture
Quality Marble India's expertise is reaching different parts of the globe including Kuwait, London, Karachi, Busan, Doha, Abu Dhabi, Bahrain, Istanbul, and Cairo.
Our company has supplied a broad range of natural stones to iconic construction projects. Two of them are The Dar-El-Salwa, Official Palace of the King of Kuwait and Al Baker Mosque in South Surrah - Zahra in Kuwait.
Dar-El-Salwa is the residence of His Highness Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Amir of Kuwait and the 15th ruler of Kuwait. The architecture is adorned with Indian Pink Dholpur Sandstone, Dholpur Beige, Red and Chocolate Sandstone delivered by QM India. The natural stones are incorporated in wall cladding, arches, gazebos, domes, corniche, railing, pillars, copings and landscape floor patterns.
Al Baker Mosque is constructed with Sarpagenti, Bottocino, Alicante, Shivakashi, Kashmir White, Indian Green, Lavender Blue and Tan Brown. The mosque reflects traditional construction techniques like Jali and High Ceilings.
If you dream of a palatial home reflecting a sustainable combination of the Indian architectural style and modern architecture, reach out to Quality Marbles India for comprehensive construction solution.